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It Has Nothing To Do With Age provides self-help principles. The inspirational stories give concrete illustrations of overcoming many of life's challenges. Difficulties pertaining to depression, grief, divorce, and death are presented and worked through by the participants. Physical impairments, injuries, overcoming issues with weight, alcohol, and nicotine are also dealt with and resolved by the athletes.

This book provides a model on how to overcome some of the difficulties that confront all of us . Further, this read sheds a beacon of light on preventive measures for good physical and mental health. Research demonstrates that exercise is an important component in treating such ailments and debilitating illness such as depression, stroke, heart disease, brain or cognitive malfunction,and Alzheimer's disease.

I suggest that proper exercise can be used as a preventive measure for psychological, cognitive, and physical health as well. Follow my prescription and lead a better, more fulfilling, and healthier life.

Monday, November 24, 2014

Gestalt Psychology and Boredom

In a recent post ADHD a psychiatry professor attempted to explain certain ADHD’s symptoms as a result of a chemical imbalance of dopamine in the brain. The idea was that the dopamine receptors, namely D2 and D3 (associated with reward circuits) were fewer in patients with this diagnosis. He talked about symptoms of inattention, focusing, and lack of concentration. For example, apparently this diagnosis affects 11% of individuals in United States ages 4 through 17.

This article brings to mind a study by one of Kurt Lewin’s students (Karsten) in 1928. Kurt Lewin was a brilliant Gestalt psychologist. In his field theory model, he studied the individual within the environment. He believed that behavior: B =f (p, e). Simply put, behavior, is the function of the person (p) within their environment (e). In his model, he defined need as a hypothetical state located within the organism. And that need went into action until the need got met. To simplify, this cognitive field of learning and motivation employed numerous concepts including: topological, vectors, valences, goals, purpose ,foreign hull, barriers, life space, perception, needs ,attention,  and force to name a few.

Some characteristics of an ADHD diagnosis include the following: often fails to finish things he or she starts; easily distracted; has difficulty concentrating on schoolwork or other tasks requiring sustained attention; has difficulty sticking to a play activity; has difficulty sitting still or fidgets excessively.

Keep these symptoms in mind, Karsten in the experiment had her subjects repeat the same task again and again, although the subject was presumably free to stop when he had enough. It was hypothesized whether or not attention, a hypothetical need accompanying a task, could be discharged by having the subject perform it over and over. The results of the study demonstrated that the subjects showed satiation, but apparently tried to overcome it by using various devices or by variation in the task. They showed inattention, and fatigue after a time.

I somewhat replicated this study with my university psychology students. I had them repeat a paper and pencil task over and over again for roughly 15 to 20 minutes. It didn’t take long for satiation to set in for some. In order to deal with their boredom, some enhanced their drawing’s, some wandered and let their pencils repeat the task in various orders; some started talking with fellow students, some became restless; room noise increased; and some got very sloppy with their drawings. There was plenty of distortion of shape, distortion of rotation, perseveration, and integration as satiation set in. In other words, satiation or boredom prevailed with symptoms associated with ADHD. Now of course, dopamine levels of my students were not evaluated. Nor was the ADHD diagnosis made on these college students. Perhaps, some had this diagnosis, along with impaired dopamine levels.
The purpose of this study was to show the effects of satiation within Lewin’s field theory model. The findings suggest that some students act out based upon the repressive, restrictive and boring school environment. So if your child or loved one has some of the symptoms, it is important to evaluate the person’s environment since satiation may be an important overlooked variable.

So, keep moving has many advantages, along with smiling, laughing, bonding, loving and appreciating. When one is bored or satiated, the person acts very differently.


I thought about writing this post on Sunday’s run with Tony. I ran about 21 miles, and that gave me an opportunity to think while I was moving. Running works for me.


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